Panch Phoran Bhaja Or Roasted Five Spice Powder

Panch phoran bhaja or dry roasted Bengali five spice powder. A very aromatic spice mixture to use in chutney, sukto and many other dishes to enhance the flavour. Panch phoran or mixture of whole five spices generally used for tempering or tadka. And this roasted panch phoran powder will make your dishes aromatic. Just add a teaspoon of this powder at the end of cooking to enhance the taste and aroma of your dish.

Panch phoran originating from the region of Eastern South Asia and used especially in the cuisine of Bangladesh and Eastern India, Northeastern India region especially in the cuisine of Odisha, West Bengal, Mithila region of India and Nepal.  Wikipedia

To make panch phoran or five spice mix 1 tablespoon of each nigella seed or kalonji, cumin seeds or jeera, mustard seeds or sarso, fennel seeds or sounf and 1/2 tablespoon fenugreek seeds or methi.

Generally radhuni or wild celery seeds are used in panch phoran. Radhuni looks like ajwain or carom seeds but flavour is different. But radhuni is not available outside Bengal so we use mustard seeds instead of radhuni.

Here are some recipes with panch phoran bhaja powder. Click on the link below for recipe.

1. Panch phoran dal

2. Olive chutney

3. Gur aam or instant sweet mango pickle

4. Sukto

And some recipes which panch phoran tadka or tempering.

1. Panch phoran tarkari

2. Bati chochchori

3. Drumstick and potato curry

4. Pumpkin stir fry

5. Assamese massor dal borar tenga

6. Lentil patties in mustard sauce

7. Spicy potato curry

To make this aromatic dry ground spices mix all the seeds and dry roast till fragrant. Let it cool down before grinding. After grinding store panch phoran bhaja or five spice powder in airtight container and use as require. Radhuni is not available here. I bought a packet from Kolkata and stored in refrigerator to use in Sukto or some other dishes. I make panch phoran with the mixture of fenugreek seeds, nigella seeds, cumin seeds, fennel seeds and mustard seeds. You can get ready to use mixture in your local grocery store.

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Cumin seeds or jeera – 1 tablespoon

Nigella seeds or Kalonji – 1 tablespoon

Mustard seeds or sarso – 1 tablespoon


Wild celery or radhuni – 1 tablespoon

Fennel seeds or sounf – 1 tablespoon

Fenugreek seeds or methi – 1/2 tablespoon


1..Combine all the seeds. I have used cumin or jeera, mustard or sarso, fennel or sounf, nigella or kalonji and fenugreek or methi seeds. I didn’t use radhuni. You can use if you have or you like the flavour. I like mustard seeds in my panch phoran. Methi seeds taste bitter so I always use less methi in panch phoran. You can use equal quantity if you like.

2. Dry roast on a pan till the seeds become fragrant. Seeds shouldn’t be burnt.

3. Let the dry roasted seeds cool down completely.

4. Grind the mixture into powder. Store in airtight container for later use. You can store the powder in refrigerator.

If you tried my recipe, you can share your food pictures with me in the social network sites by using hashtag, #batterupwithsujata I would love to see your creations.

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