Laal Maans

Laal maans.
A spicy and lipsmackingly delicious mutton curry from Rajasthani cuisine. A fiery hot and laal or bright red coloured curry. This spicy, rich, aromatic and red mutton curry is made of yoghurt, onion, garlic, cardamom, cloves, cinnamon and mathania chillies. But it you don’t have mathania chillies, you can use Kashmiri red chilli. Use chilli according to your taste. If you want it hot add red chilli powder or chopped green chillies. My family members can’t eat too hot so I have used less chilli.

Laal maans is a meat curry from Rajasthan, India. It is a mutton curry prepared in a sauce of yoghurt and hot spices such as red Mathania chillies. This dish typically is very hot and rich in garlic, the gravy may be thick or liquid and is eaten with chapatis made out of wheat (usually eaten in summers) or bajra (a millet grown in Rajasthan and eaten in the winter months.
Rajasthani cuisine was influenced by both the war-like lifestyles of its inhabitants and the availability of ingredients in this arid region. Food that could last for several days and could be eaten without heating was preferred. Scarcity of water and fresh green vegetables have all had their effect on the cooking. It is also known for its snacks like Bikaneri Bhujia, Mirchi Bada and Pyaaj Kachori.

This month in Shhhhh cooking secretly challenge facebook group we members are sharing different dishes from the cuisine of Rajasthan.
This month my partner is very talented blogger Pavani Gunikuntla who blog at Pavanis kitchen. I always love her healthy and easy to make recipes.
Visit her space for different types of healthy and mouthwatering recipes. Before giving secret ingredient we always ask our partner about her choice. And I have wanted to make this laal maans. Everyone in my family loves it and I wanted to share the recipe for my readers. So as secret ingredient Pavani gave me curd and green cardamom and I gave her red chilli powder and cumin seeds. Do visit her blog to check the delicious Dahi kadhi recipe she made with these ingredients.
Shhh Cooking Secretly a group started by Priya of Priya’s Versatile Recipes, is where every month food bloggers are paired up and give each other 2 secret ingredients to cook with according to the theme chosen. If you’re interested in joining this exciting group then please leave a message in the comment section. Thank you.

Normally mathania chillies are used to make this mutton curry. But We don’t get this chilli in our state. So I have used Kashmiri red chilli powder. This spicy mutton curry is goes well with steamed rice, jeera rice, pulao, roti, naan, bajra roti or any bread. Picture courtesy my daughter Suchismita .


Mutton – 500 gram

Onion – 4, thinly sliced

Black cardamom – 2

Green cardamom – 4

Cloves – 3

Cinnamon – 1 inch piece

Bay leaf – 2

Mustard oil – 1/2 cup

Curd – 1/2 cup

Salt to taste

Ginger garlic paste – 2 tablespoon

Turmeric powder – 1/2 teaspoon

Coriander powder – 1 teaspoon

Cumin powder – 1 teaspoon

Kashmiri red chilli powder – 3 tablespoon

Ghee or clarified butter – 2 tablespoon

Warm water – 1 & 1/2 cup

Cilantro or coriander leaves and onion slices to garnish


1. Heat mustard oil in a pan or pressure cooker.

2. When the oil becomes smoking hot remove from heat.
Let it cool down for a minute. Add bay leaf black cardamom, green cardamom, cinnamon, cloves and slices onion. Heat again and fry till the onion becomes brown.

3. Add mutton pieces, salt, ginger garlic paste and all the dry spices. See notes for other options for chillies. Saute till oil leaves the sides.

4. Add well beaten curd and mix well. Saute again till dried up and oil separates.

5. Add warm water and pressure cook till mutton pieces becomes tender.

6. Let the pressure settle on its own.
Open the pressure cooker and heat again. Check the seasoning and adjust as require. If require add little more water or if you want more thick gravy boil for a few minutes more till you get your desired consistency.

7. Add ghee and mix.

8. Remove from heat. Garnish with chopped cilantro or coriander leaves and onion slices.
Serve with hot steamed rice, jeera rice, pulao, puri, roti, naan, bajra roti or any bread.

1. You can add some finely chopped green chilli with sliced onion if you want more spicy and hot curry. Or you can use hot variety red chilli powder. Use chilli according to your spice tolerance.
2. If you have red Mathania chillies or kashmiri dry red chilli either dry roast and powder or soak in water for 20 – 25 minutes and grind and use instead of kashmiri red chilli powder.

If you tried my recipe, you can share your food pictures with me in the social network sites by using hash tag, #batterupwithsujata
I would love to see your creations.

I would love to hear from you. Please share your thoughts and suggestions in comment.
Please visit my facebook page and hit the like button to get the latest update
Facebook page
Follow on



Railway Mutton Curry 

Railway mutton curry.

An easy to cook, delicious and flavourful mutton curry with onions, tomatoes, garlic and some flavourful spices.

Here is a story behind this super delicious mutton curry. It takes you back to the colonial era. It was first served in first class compartment of Indian Frontier Mail or Golden Temple Mail. This spicy mutton curry also used to serve in the railway refreshment room and other long distance train to serve the British palate. It was  generally served with bread or dinner rolls.

There are many variations of this curry which indicates the train routs.

Our this week’s #Foodiemonday bloghop theme is #Colonialinspired cuisines. I think its the best event to share this less spicy version of Bengali mutton curry or mangsor jhol.

One of story behind it that a drunken British officer stumbled into the railway kitchen in midnight. At that time kitchen service was over and the cooks were preparing their own food. And their one dish was spicy and hot Bengali mutton curry. British didn’t like the hot spicy taste so the curry was changed from a spicy curry to less spicy curry by adding curd and coconut milk. The officer overjoyed with the taste and included it on the food menu of train. And he fondly called it Railway mutton curry.

Here is the recipe of one of the most popular mutton curry, a little less spicy version of Bengali mutton curry with coconut milk. Goes well with steamed rice, pulao, roti or Indian flat bread paratha and puri or luchi.


Mutton – 250 gram

Onion – 2 large sliced

Potatoes – 2 large

Garlic – 8 cloves finely chopped or crushed

Ginger – 1 inch piece grated or paste

Tomatoes – 2 large ground

Green cardamom – 4 broken or crushed

Cinnamon – 2 inch piece broken or crushed

Cloves – 4 broken or crushed

Mace or javitri – 1 string

Nutmeg powder – a pinch

Bay leaf – 1

Green chilli – 2 – 3 chopped or paste

Cumin powder – 1 teaspoon
Coriander powder – 1 teaspoon

Garam masala powder – 1/2 teaspoon

Turmeric powder – 1/2 teaspoon

Kasmiri red chilli powder – 2 teaspoon

Mustard oil – 1/3 cup

Coconut milk – 1/2 cup

Ghee or clarified butter – 1 teaspoon optional

Salt to taste

Potato – 2 large

For marination 

Ginger garlic paste – 1 tablespoon

Salt to taste

Mustard oil – 1 tablespoon

Turmeric powder – 1/4 teaspoon

Curd – 2 tablespoon

Red chilli powder – 1 teaspoon

Black pepper powder – 1 Teaspoon

lemon juice or vinegar – 1 teaspoon

Wash and drain the mutton pieces. Marinate with ginger garlic paste, turmeric powder, salt, curd, red chilli powder, black pepper powder, mustard oil and lemon juice or vinegar. I have used lemon juice.
Marinate and keep it in refrigerator for overnight or 1 – 2 hour.

Peel the potatoes and cut them into half.

I have ground the tomatoes with green chillies, ginger, cardamom, cloves, cinnamon, mace and nutmeg powder. If you like you can use them crushed or broken.

Heat oil in a pan. Fry the potatoes. Don’t make them brown. Fry till the colour becomes light golden brown.  Remove and keep them aside.

In the same oil add bay leaf. If you are using cardamom, cinnamon etc broken add them too. Add sliced onions and garlic. Saute till the colour becomes brown.

Now add the tomato paste along with ginger, green chilli and other spices.

Saute till oil leaves the sides.

Add the mutton pieces and salt. Add salt carefully. We have already used salt in marination.

Stir continuously to avoid sticking to the bottom. Fry til the mutton pieces change it’s colour. Add the potatoes and mix well.

Add hot water as require to make thick gravy. Don’t make it runny.

Transfer it to the pressure cooker. And pressure cook for 3 – 4 whistle.

Open the lid and check if done or not. Mine is little undone so I have pressure cooked on simmer for 10 minutes more.

After opening the lid add the coconut milk. If you are using ghee or clarified butter add it too. Mix and close the lid again.

Serve after 10 – 12 minutes. Serve hot with steamed rice, pulao, roti or Indian flat bread, paratha, puri or luchi.

Or simply enjoy it with toasted bread.